<menu id="s2seu"></menu>
  • <nav id="s2seu"></nav><menu id="s2seu"></menu>
    <nav id="s2seu"></nav>
  • 成都圖書館·成都數字圖書館

    常見問題
    在線留言
    客服QQ
    微信:cdclibwx
    咨詢臺?    028-86130651讀者續借  028-86122628數字資源  028-86129091
    返回頂部
    成圖動態
    媒體回音
    服務數據

    千年前成都已是音樂名城

    2019-05-31 15:25:14190瀏覽量

     喧然名都會,吹簫間笙簧

      “喧然名都會,吹簫間笙簧”……5月2日,75歲的知名音樂人陳彼得在央視《經典詠流傳》舞臺,以一曲《成都府》,唱出自己的游子之心,也唱出千年前的成都景象。

      近年來,豐富多彩的音樂活動,每天在成都上演,成都也提出打造“音樂之都”。回溯歷史,其實過去的成都,就擁有豐富的音樂文化基因。5月25日,成都圖書館“天府文化精品系列講座”上,天府文化研究院地方文獻研究室主任周翔宇介紹,在古蜀時期,就已有音樂在這里生發,隨著歷史的發展,在成都誕生了很多知名的樂曲、樂器、樂章。

      而四川師范大學教授謝元魯在接受記者采訪時也表示,從古往今來文人墨客留下的詩詞中,即可感受過去成都發達的音樂文化。

      A

      銅鈴、石磬作證古蜀音樂已生發

      在成都,什么時候最早有音樂?周翔宇說,這個問題目前沒有最準確的答案,但是根據考古,在三星堆和金沙,都出土了一批銅鈴,可以算是最早的樂器。這說明,至少在距今3000多年前,古蜀時期,就已經有音樂生發。

      “那個時候的音樂形態應該還比較原始,但是已經能夠看出音樂的發展歷程了。”周翔宇介紹,考古人員將三星堆和金沙出土的銅鈴進行比較,發現三星堆出土的銅鈴中有鈴舌,而金沙出土的銅鈴則無鈴舌,完全需要靠外部打擊來發聲。“這說明,從三星堆到金沙,古蜀先民對音樂的主動控制性已經逐漸加強。”

      在金沙出土的古樂器中,還有大名鼎鼎的金沙石磬,經過兩三千年至今依然能敲擊發出聲響。據介紹,經過考證,這應當是當時一件祭祀用品,不少專家認為,這進一步證明在當時的蜀地已經有了為營造氣氛的專門的禮樂,而并非“未通禮樂”。

      三國時期諸葛亮,對于蜀地音樂亦有不少貢獻。以他的名字命名的諸葛鼓,通體使用銅制作而成。講座現場,周翔宇展示了幾張照片,可以看到諸葛鼓至今依然在四川、貴州、云南等一些少數民族地區流傳,在一些重要民俗活動中被使用。

      到了唐代,成都已成為全國重要的音樂中心,在這里誕生了有名的雷琴。雷琴,是當時居住在成都的制琴世家雷氏家族所制作的琴。在如今傳世所知的古琴中,唐代古琴是時間最早的,在唐琴之中,雷琴以其杰出的制作工藝最為珍貴。如今保存在故宮博物院的一張聲名顯赫的唐琴“九霄環佩”,就是出自雷氏之手。

      在這把琴足上方,還刻有“靄靄春風細,瑯瑯環佩音。垂簾新燕語,蒼海老龍吟。蘇軾記”楷書23字,同時還有黃庭堅的題詞。“蘇黃兩位大家,都對這把琴如此鐘愛,可見雷琴的高超絕倫。”周翔宇說。

      在五代十國時期,后蜀王妃花蕊夫人,以詩歌記錄下當時成都宮廷生活。周翔宇介紹,在其中還出現一種樂器——鳳笙。“蜀國被滅后,沒有其他人會演奏這種樂器,也就逐漸失傳了。”周翔宇說,從另一個角度也可以看出,當時蜀地宮廷技師的技藝高超,才能夠發明并且演奏這樣的獨特樂器。

      B

      《鳳求凰》之外還有這些名曲

      提起歷史上的名曲,見證司馬相如和卓文君愛情故事,直率熱烈又飽含深情的《鳳求凰》一定會上榜。

      周翔宇說,實際上,除了《鳳求凰》外,成都歷史上,還誕生過不少名曲。

      在成都市江漢路附近,有一“武擔山”,雖名為山,但實際上卻是一處土丘,相傳為古蜀王開明王妃的墓冢。根據《華陽國志》記載:“蜀王納為妃。不習水土,欲去。王必留之,乃為《東平之歌》以樂之。”雖然歌曲并未保留下來,但這一段典故,卻常常被后人題詠。

      在唐玄宗與楊貴妃的愛情故事中,不僅留下名曲《霓裳羽衣曲》,后遭遇安史之亂,“馬嵬事變”后,唐玄宗獨自走在蜀道上,遭遇風雨,悲切地思念楊貴妃,而作《雨霖鈴》。根據史料記載:“明皇既幸蜀,西南行,初入斜谷,霖雨彌旬,于棧道雨中聞鈴,音與山相應。上既悼念貴妃,采其聲為《雨霖鈴》曲,以寄恨焉。”

      誕生在蜀地的樂曲中,還有流傳至今的《七十二滾拂流水》。周翔宇介紹,這首曲子源于俞伯牙彈奏的《流水》。傳說,蜀派古琴大師、清代青城山道士張孔山,在青城山下,面對流水,在其中加入“滾拂”片段,模仿水在山間跌宕起伏、水石相撞,又奔流不息、一往無前。如今《七十二滾拂流水》已成為蜀派古琴代表曲目。

      C

      從詩詞中看“一城絲管”盛景

      古往今來,不少文人墨客留下對于古代蜀地的描寫,成都音樂盛景也可從中可見一斑。

      在四川師范大學教授謝元魯看來,“天府之國”優渥的自然條件,閑適的生活環境,唐宋時期成都生活安定,避開中原戰亂,同時儒釋道多元文化交匯融合,造就這里繁盛的音樂文化風尚。

      謝元魯介紹,在《華陽國志》中,記載秦漢時期,蜀地官吏等常常在音樂中宴飲,場面十分熱鬧。到了唐宋時代,在當時的成都,音樂已經并非上層貴族階級專屬,形成全民皆歌的盛景。

      唐代詩人杜甫以“喧然名都會,吹簫間笙簧”描繪他初到成都的印象。一首《贈花卿》,描述當時成都音樂水平的高超:“錦城絲管日紛紛,半入江風半入云。此曲只應天上有,人間能得幾回聞。”“韶光妍媚,海棠如醉,桃花欲暖。挑菜初閑,禁煙將近,一城絲管。”宋代陸游的《水龍吟·春日游摩珂池》中則這樣記載當時成都音樂之盛,似乎滿城都有絲管音樂之聲。

      “成都好,蠶市趁遨游。夜放笙歌喧紫陌,春邀燈火上紅樓。車馬溢瀛洲。”在宋人張仲殊所作的《望江南·蠶市》,描繪了當時成都,遇到蠶市這樣重要的民俗活動時,即使到了夜晚,依然笙歌不住的場面。

      謝元魯介紹,當時民間對于音樂的需求特別旺盛,唐代時期就有“蜀戲冠天下”的說法,五代十國時期蜀人編纂了中國第一部文人詞總集《花間集》,其實也正是當時的歌詞集,可見成都民間音樂文化氛圍的濃郁。

      在如今永陵博物館出土的石刻中,展現宮廷24伎樂樂舞的宏大場面,其中不少樂器,都是典型的西域風格。謝元魯說,作為南北絲綢之路的交匯點,外來文化融入,也對成都音樂文化起到影響和推動。

    [記者 吳夢琳  編輯:粟蓓]


    四川日報   2019.5.31    16版

    网易彩票网易彩票官网网易彩票平台网易彩票app网易彩票邀请码网易彩票娱乐网易彩票快3网易彩票时时彩网易彩票走势图网易彩票ios www.154405.com | 8159p.cc | www.25959a.com | www.369888aa.com | xpjbak.com | www.878zf.com | omp156.com | www.c2813.com | www.js505.com | www.52303u.com | www.hg3875.com | j2894.com | www.68277555.com | hbfzq.com | www.e7764.com | yzyz02.com | www.4331u.com | 11683311.com | www.97655j.com | feicai0517.com | www.ya909.com | www.09569o.com | www.095069.com | www.38001.com | 33382p.com | www.rycp165.com | 9995bcc | www.5446p.com | 53262a.com | www.83993q.com | www.69229.com | www.252359.com | www.869msc.com | 3y123.com | www.40wb.top | www.hg3388.org | www.djcp002.com | www.1168r.com | xx3344.com | www.3933h.cc | www.900692.com | 91599.com | www.35700a.com | uuu1915.com | www.666825.com | www.9763333.com | www.77114o.com | www.4963cc.com | 4196v.com | www.055i.cc | www.1423kkk.com | 83086e.com | www.4521g.com | 2805s.com | www.712887.com | www.hqr77.com | 603144.COM | www.hg0088.sh | www.7025m.com | 99111gg.com | www.838957.com | www.333222c.com | p47479.com | www.12136w.com | 56988d.vip | hg58111.com | www.ejylc14.com | 6137x.com | 55967n.com | www.91233w.com | www.0885k.com | 6868456.cc | www.96386x.com | www.msc83.com | 33599jj.com | www.371679.com | www.cq0066.com | 53059.com | www.769526.com | www.566850.com | www.hg15819.com | 3967v.com | www.54400e.com | www.pj888k.com | www.67797o.com | 11878.com | www.99677m.com | www.400658.com | 2146b.com | www.485689.com | www.hg98.la | 26444m.com | 272yy.net | www.1237777.cc | www.76543q.com | yabo6008.com | 243d10.com | www.o063801.com | www.am4088.com | 8037uuu.com | 234905.com | www.7920z.com | www.tqdc444.com | 7874.tt | www.3668z.com | www.jz787.com | www.32126u.net | 23599f.com | 29918q.com | www.89939.cc | www.boao555.com | lswjs4399.com | 131uu.net | www.4dwj.com | www.21202z.com | www.0686555.com | www.1888ac.com | www.57800a.com | www.wn0001.com | 509.com | www.390685.com | www.yl1981.com | www.66300e.com | 7454jj.com | ww5443.com | www.676zf.com | www.huangma25.com | www.5500y8.com | y7065.com | t1429.com | www.6832e.com | www.k70.com | www.7t567.com | 446082.com | kb5454.com | www.890723.com | www.k2894.com | www.747365d.com | 3807l.com | 6245w.com | www.683037.com | www.0889888.com | www.ww55826.com | www.js889x.com | 1206766.com | 760jj.cc | www.178167.com | www.68cc.com | www.19yh9.com | www.9679c.com | 6403b.com | u3499.com | 1005rv.com | wd6667.com | www.542911.com | www.1466o.com | www.5146z0.com | www.hg6299.com | www.210zr.com | jx2400.com | yh22444.com | hg91910.com | qq7742.com | www.599476.com | www.665534.com | www.1118084.com | www.81789.com | www.b55551.com | www.50052b.com | www.b3654.com | 983888m.com | 4995u.com | 51335z.com | www.77802u.com | www.616097.com | www.3668q.com | www.9989577.com | www.4058bb.com | www.r456x.com | www.hg219.com | www.798878.com | ambyc6.com | 896288.com | shen3322.com | jjj5144.com | 2229649.com | www.665039.com | www.744678.com | www.112.ceo | www.62979b.com | www.6776ff.com | www.3846w.com | www.v445566.com | www.hg771122.com | www.6805pj.com | 354018.com | 8159ggg.cc | 444000dd.com | 22pp145.com | www.97655e.com | www.504633.com | www.760320.com | www.c1336.com | www.3126r.com | www.9989587.com | www.55676c.com | www.tyc748.com | www.70039n.com | www.88554066.com | www.16290099.com | www.78188d.com | www.77117076.com | www.zzmzjx.com | www.8494v.com | www.18735528058.com | amjzh.top | 6556g.com | 9439911.com | www.sjs14.com | 3mgmsss.com | www.jz977.com | www.3k777.com | www.xhtd09.com | www.365109a.com | www.hg33733.com | www.445887.com | www.kf388.com | www.xjs8895.com | www.wxr44.com | 2246sun.com | 023139.com | www.un1515.com | www.7435j.com | www.3643z.com | www.1423guo.com | www.xb0027.com | www.hg2631.com | www.flp1681.com | www.zs5555.com | www.91gwa.com | www.c7206.com | www.hgdc300.com | www.86339g.com | www.2418q.com | www.84499m.com | www.4189a.com | www.sj119.9slyl.com | www.695756.com | www.234265.com | x5505.com | 4066c.com | 111122aa.com | 874755.com | 552325.com | feicai0571.com | 9030h.com | 66458q.com | www.dy6611.com | www.330007.com | www.hg0818.com | www.20199aa.com | www.1559504.com | www.97828c.vip | www.43818k.com | www.926280.com | www.594883.com | yhw7.cc | vip0778.com | 8383394.com | 3656rr.com | 818132.com | 27878ll.com | www.1389v.com | www.56655z.com | www.0622ccc.com | www.111999qipai.com | www.4331o.com | www.982570.com | www.032823.com | vic9308.com | 38365b.com | zhcp93.com | www.88837b.com | www.suncity112.com | www.460017.com | www.33112l.com | www.501354.com | 9895u.com | xd2018.com | 131ii.net | www.744suncity.com | www.81789.com | www.78680j.com | www.699by.com | cdwb.com | 644237.com | shen3322.com | hg168l.com | www.184998.com | www.173151.com | www.68568g.com | www.949498.com | 2648.com | pj00hh.com | www.hg9678.com | www.4516.com | www.81608t.com | www.791317.com | bb8888-2.com | a5aaa.com | www.8808000.com | www.ts018.com | www.52303k.com | www.695756.com | vic9308.com | xl15.net | www.vns916.com | www.2807777.com | www.985579.com | 01234iii.com | 32126s.net | www.777cm1.com | www.9931331.com | www.7714b.com | www.89894c.com | 8547n.com | www.vns2533.com | www.998855g.com | www.22062c.com | xcant.net | 38365t.com | 8742v.com | www.7759333.com | www.77801b.com | www.544094.com | 4812.com | 1484vip2.com | www.5bet005.com | www.12czj.com | lg5577.com | qifa168.net | www.137185.com | www.81608k.com | www.230320.com | yun777.com | www.9996oo.com | www.32031r.com | www.500763.com | 54147711.com | www.v15528.com | www.057v.com | 15856i.com | 9339999m.com | www.8888tm.com | www.80767n.com | df6331.com | feicai0714.com | www.27363x.com | www.68689z.com | 28839u.com | ee4675.com | www.wns3558.com | www.5854s.cc | 1705l.com | www.9374z.com | www.993776.com | www.915422.com | 1919394.com | www.v771177.com | www.37377c.com | 50000021.com | w00351.com | www.3066jj.com | www.431128.com | 78808t.com | www.5555xj.com | www.6832z.com | 9420g.com | 228888r.com | www.flp1681.com | www.gyfc8.com | 89892ss.com | www.bet1677.com | www.4809v.com | 7893w18.com | f08199.com | www.2206488.com | www.609715.com | 66671j.com | www.449msc.com | www.979505.com | 4152v.com | www.amh400.com | www.tcsj.com | 65561122.com | www.092222.com | www.68568g.com | xpj5003.com | www.a6389.com | www.83565.com | 7720s.net | www.hg1161.com | www.008ac.com | 444000s.com | www.sb005.com | www.974091.com | 8547v.com | www.4727088.com | www.626507.com | 55331f.com | www.80188x.com | icesnow.com.cn | www.26y26.com | www.4331vip.com | 1591kkk.com | www.vns99888.cc | www.371u.cc | 93922g.com | www.16181t.com | www.33588u.com | 22883c.com | www.js56774.com | 6220f.com | www.87680g.com | www.tyc88666.com | 58222e.com | www.77731q.com | www.083552.com | www.494905.com | www.0270s.com | hg793.com | www.27363x.com | 3650583.com | www.63877z.com | www.50788g.com | 1104006.com | www.55060v.com | 6150d.com | www.964808.com | www.cb3788.com | fc9596.com | www.97828x.vip | 38989h.com | www.19880s.com | 00778l.com | pj677x.com | www.67258b.com | 71707r.com | www.xj6003.com | pujingzaixianyule.com | www.4853a.com | www.825799.com | 2998yh.com | www.7036ss.com | xinvip9.com | www.998855c.com | 78666c.com | www.9x0048.com | www.494969.com | www.hg50999.com | www.022a.cc | 5589h.com | www.hg56977.com | mg6888.com | www.jsggb02.com | 2649ss.com | www.57800h.com | wns981.com | www.307015.me | syrbtz.com | www.773333.com | 910088.com | www.hg130.com | www.178673.com | www.xpj8t8.com | www.6880ss.com | www.06820m.com | 3566gg.com | www.177158.com | a86811.com | www.dhy35.com | 664740.com | www.53699.com | www.39500i.com | www.964808.com | www.160951.com | www.h32126.cc | www.040425.com | www.w1525.com | www.87668v.com | www.33a85.com | 365063.com | www.long116.com | 83378y.com | www.46615.com | 15a47.net | www.bfcaip.com | 992222o.com | www.80188z.com | 1717394.com | www.63800d.com | fh801.com | www.99788f.com | yh888v.com | www.544bb.cc | www.333222u.com | www.544095.com | www.v6558.com | 82093.com | www.1919msc.com | 15f2.net | www.38775tt.com | 23599.com | www.76520b.com | 176939.com | www.737198.com | www.330099q.com | 20055566.com | www.5504y.com | 3936k.com | www.8883hj.com | 370326.com | www.682021.com | 9895f.com | www.616383.com | www.pj33305.com | 8030f.com | www.h80288.com | 7249b.com | www.8039r.com | www.63877h.com | 7720o.com | www.5049x.com | 5019kzc.com | www.574119.com | b3644.com | www.191060.com | www.865599.com | u8381.com | www.7714o.com | www.hg11768.com | www.60007v.com | www.654578.com | 3846c.com | www.2418t.com | 5004.cc | www.033826.com | www.206037.com | 7002004.com | www.8499o.com | www.55268yy.com | wnsr8819.com | www.270sun.com | hg91668.com | www.196067.com | www.2805.com | 05596.com | www.986282.com | www.hg8237.com | 55331vv.com | www.83993g.com | www.hg083.com | 18438b.com | www.hr499.com | bet375.com | www.602327.com | www.xj666g.com | 3513008.com | www.hx6697.com | www.c6784.com | 014138.com | www.16878y.com | www.s668839.com | 0234u.com | www.21202u.com | www.00829c.com | cgg666666.com | www.216781.com | www.995r.net | 3mgmjbp.com | www.66332r.com | www.11446547.com | 3066ggg.com | www.66yfa.com | www.qq599.com | 51133www.com | www.589703.com | www.98698i.com | gc001.cc | 55ii8331.com | www.7240q.com | www.yh-9.com | 2008qq.com | www.15355d.com | www.781msc.com | 67888u.cc | www.652631.com | www.4963ss.com | 518cp9.com | 4694.com | www.5953588.com | www.yl46.com | app22299.com | www.al9888.com | www.85857o.com | 1916x.com | 55818s.com | www.4520099.com | www.88807t.com | 3066bbb.com | www.766859.com | www.04567d.com | 4433mmmm.com | 3678w.com | www.1368f.cc | www.sj52488.com | 500000378.com | 33115zz.com | www.43818y.com | www.3066037.com | 00jj8331.com | 0559600.com | www.12455u.com | www.kj88822.com | 486.cc | P35dd.com | www.97655q.com | www.76775b.com | 7779t.cc | 1770o.com | www.022a.cc | www.19yh5.com | www.yh8006.com | 11005x.com | www.561502.com | www.0600.cc | www.pj1422.com | 34y35.com | sypk10.com | www.49956d.com | www.feng01.com | b3644.com | 3215888.com | www.475711.com | www.55676z.com | www.l07.com | 7508k.com | ycl888.com | www.qm71.com | www.2544g8.com | www.0860u.com | 00048y.com | r1429.com | www.86267g.com | www.j9478.com | 22296an.com | 2566h7.com | www.033826.com | www.7239z.com | www.c44ee.com | www.hg9222.com | g82365.com | www.320992.com | www.2566y7.com | www.935770.com | 11989w.com | dingji0088.com | www.202427.com | www.a991qp.com | www.22666.com | www.js3444.com | 8449dd.com | 3938722.com | www.526901.com | www.99997148.com | www.559159.com | www.x7044.com | dzc08.com | 37111v.com | www.375916.com | www.90305b.com | www.06617c.com | www.53516n.com | 4023p.com | 224940.com | 5004fff.com | www.771645.com | www.js02348.com | www.98698i.com | www.007733.com | 97659.com | dzj112.com | 6261r.com | www.574377.com | www.36166hh.com | www.4058k.com | www.808777.com | www.xpj0880.com | zb182.com | 7605k.com | 54141166.com | www.291693.com | www.8494g.com | 44882007.com | www.661661a.com | www.rrqp777.com | www.c948c.com | www.a2399.com | rbbet44.com | q62365.com | 8159mm.cc | 9539v.com | www.506923.com | www.9155e.cc | www.yh234g.com | www.hm99999.com | www.2846w.com | 00064066.com | 98955p.com | 93936f.com | huangma21.com | 30170044.com | www.606370.com | www.6364a.com | www.606010.com | www.653968.com | www.dzcp5555.com | www.hg8289.com | www.hg0110.com | 38989p.com | hwcp22.com | 77606e.com | 58885365.com | 65335.com | 4400634.com | www.224344.com | www.870013.com | www.12455k.com | www.954321c.com | www.32031l.com | www.472704.com | www.ra0008.com | www.hg2808.com | www.emc7677.com | www.0636f.com | 547563.com | 1077uuu.com | 6939.com | bodog57.com | n1915.com | q08199.com | 69111o.com | 3467x.am | 8790q.com | 82365365.com | www.097079.com | www.495770.com | www.708286.com | www.cszb6.com | www.6364j.com | www.36166r.com | www.21202e.com | www.954321l.com | www.444999qipai.com | www.8188.tw | www.69567b.com | www.79095e.com | www.64566c.com | www.b35qq.com | www.cfcp555.com | www.js807.com | www.ouzhou7.com | www.39678.com | www.12345699.com | www.hg474.com | www.40998.com | www.57798d.com | www.980js.com | www.3170004.com | www.11004100.com | www.306444b.com | www.34202.com | www.3494.cc | www.82899.com | www.552567.com | www.88627.com | www.998855o.com | www.618961.com | www.c72.com | www.4078y.com | duch019.com | 23233g.com | 2698i.com | 28824v.com | 2757g.com | 09266333.com | 67890xx.com | 7599ii.com | xpj65.com | 3245999.com | 272ww.net | www.cr4888.com | www.365665.com | www.jsc3888.com | www.jsp02.com | www.hg7803.com | www.105546.com | www.xy046.com | www.yy17173.com | www.565548.com | www.826016.com | www.99638l.com | www.2408a.com | www.769289.com | www.186327.com | drcp555.com | biwei116.com | 0860d.com | 3568uu.com | 857330.com | www.a2a888.cc | www.2888.so | www.333193.com | 83377p.com | pj900.com | xpjgo8.com | c388e.com | ff4119.com | 88807s.com | www.amjs601.com | www.bte33.com | www.qmc0077.com | www.8.ag | www.bet365yazhou.com | www.09991.cc | www.577690.com | 667766p.com | 0o0qi1l.com | vip332.net | feicai028.com | www.2836536365.com | www.hg8237.com | www.t32939.com | www.346346.com | www.18456.com | www.50732q.com | www.685948.com | lll0055.com | 9101908.com | 6766.net | www.z0888.com | www.6372008.com | www.5446yy.com | www.81608y.com | www.ya238.com | www.001059.com | js89i.vip | 75959s.com | www.777xin2.com | www.6786j.com | www.06617c.com | www.hg27288.com | www.822138.com | 56987vv.com | 0234nn.com | 8827yy.com | www.330099k.com | www.0057a.com | www.5953588.com | www.923599.com | 8501414.com | 5488s.com | 89892rr.com | www.dafa3.cc | www.yh234h.com | www.26299d.com | www.170882.com | xhtd1634.com | x2649.com | www.25288p.com | www.sb5509.com | www.81678x.com | www.306503.com | 2757ucom | 2267p.com | www.h509.com | www.279050.com | www.5441m.com | tz22777.com | 3846ccc.com | www.js87000.com | www.zte111.com | www.89777k.com | www.499680.com | 22883y.com | 228888p.com | www.248247.com | www.60886t.com | www.hr7888.com | 88899.com | p888rr.com | www.a7892904.com | www.j3123.com | www.tang000.com | l8159.cc | df8bet.com | www.k0678.com | www.8c444.com | www.854277.com | 39199l.com | 365788.bet | www.3709889.com | www.7249j.com | www.550435.com | 1654ff.com | 88740b.com | www.lu8810.com | www.3978h.com | h151515.com | 55967t.com | www.a4737.com | www.c80288.com | www.998349.com | 36517.info | z2306.com | www.38238x.com | www.66652h.com | 44gg8331.com | man966.com | www.caipiao037.com | www.598282b.com | www.196103.com | j333.cc | www.sbet818.net | www.0622qqq.com | www.514033.com | 8722kkkk.com | www.3459i.com | www.99552dd.com | www.542672.com | 6haocom | www.5678655.com | www.78680r.com | www.287916.com | 51133a.com | www.hq77.com | www.bj699.com | 168cp-a.com | 500000570.com | www.hjcp444.com | www.3478h.cc | 59599j.com | www.m.kb88.com | www.79095e.com | www.401272.com | u4255.com | www.23111yte.com | www.0270b.com | 8890815.com | j83377.com | www.bet63z.com | www.544095.com | 51133z.com | www.hg0075.com | www.33598r.com | 364810.com | www.lb77.com | www.h36524.com | 2096d.com | m35151.com | www.4078d.com | www.422323.com | 40033tt.com | www.93342.com | www.sjgc3.com | 69111m.com | www.gf11888.com | www.71233d.com | 918.com | www.yh8219.com | www.yh6688.bet | 95gamevip1.com | 6137s.net | www.2894.com | 79964.com | 0747z.com | www.7366007.com | www.063353.com | 3178r.com | www.cn365c.com | www.178937.com | 1813aa.com | www.10999m.com | www.109075.com | 588.cc | www.91779r.com | 667766o.com | 1591ccc.com | www.4102l.com | 55899h.com | www.hg45888.com | www.48330k.com | 15856f.com | www.9068ii.com | www.81520z.com | 6645365.com | www.55520666.com | www.468546.com | www.hg6012.com | feicai0790.com | www.5319r.com | www.50026l.com | 53166g.com | www.1114338.com | www.715699.com | 1588666.com | www.10999l.com | vns1.vip | www.1389m.com | www.yh66766.com | 88660076.com | www.642222.com | www.810897.com | 62284.com | www.b83377.com | e61653.com | www.10052233.com | www.08588t.com | 77606v.com | www.ok99.com | 4647.net | www.vns7730.com | www.77801l.com | 0615018.com | www.808888e.com | P37.com | www.xpj8858.com | www.16878m.com | 7555w.com | www.00772b.com | pj333377.com | www.655666b.com | www.022m.cc | 87578007.xyz | www.792074.com | hga019.com | www.6372008.com | www.476669.com | js345.com | www.78949n.com | 4288l.com | www.783644.com | ylzz300.com | www.706sunbet.com | www.477070.com | www.6033f.com | www.50026l.com | aobo74.com | www.40339.com | 5478y.com | www.bw9988.com | 44ss8331.com | www.51167.com | www.901187.com | 1144011.com | www.89894m.com | 35222oo.com | www.33678ll.com | 4288e.com | www.938g.cc | 21866b.com | www.8706dd.com | www.106216.com | www.boma0114.com | www.949407.com | 748v.com | www.9478l.com | feicai0719.com | www.22365.Com | 00558.com |